A new species of Poisonous Frog discovered: The Pumpkin Toadlet

The discovery of this interesting Pumpkin toadlet is made in the Forests of Brazil which contains a curious Mystery.

A new species of a very small frog has been discovered in the dense green Atlantic forest of the East coast of the Brazil which is as bigger as of a thumbnail. This species of the frog is called as Brachycephalus Rotenbergae and is tiny, bright and yet is extremely poisonous. Hence this amphibian is generally called as the Pumpkin toadlet.

This discovery was published in a journal which stated that this frog is discovered in the southern part of Mantiqueira mountain range in São Paulo, Brazil. These mountains serve as a home for several other species of these Pumpkin Toadlets which share similar characteristics. They are named so as they look like a orange soda or rather like a delicious pumpkin soup and they are bright.

To know more about these species, intense studies were done by the scientists. The research team did many analysis like examination of their shape and size, studied about their bones and genes and also did a great research on their typical frog songs.

From the year 2017 to 2019, 2 researches were conducted at two different places of the Atlantic forest. Almost 76 field experiments were done in the day time to understand the activity of these new discovered species of the frogs.

Researchers say that it is difficult to discover the new species of Brachycephalus as all the species are physically and genetically almost similar. But in this case, the scientists were able to differentiate B. rotenbergae from B. ephippium as B. rotenbergae are smaller and have spots in their skull.

The pumpkin toadlets generally have a stunning secret and B. rotenbergae also have one. Under the fluorescent light, the bones nearer to their fleshy skins glows up. These features can be used by spiders and reptiles to avoid them eating these toadlets.

In accordance with the climate change and biodiversity loss across the globe, it is a winning situation for the scientists to find a new species.


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