Genetic and asthma has strong link!

Asthma is a chronic lung condition that often runs in families. While it is possible to develop asthma at any age, children of asthmatic parents are at an increased risk of getting it when they’re younger. Genetic and asthma has a strong link. But not everyone with a family history will develop the disease. Many can develop asthma later in life but don’t have a family history. The main factors for asthma management are to take the recommended medicines and avoiding any known triggers as much as possible. Genes cannot be changed, but still, people take steps to control asthma and even lower your risk of developing it as an adult.

People are not born with asthma but with genes it can be born. These genes indicate that if they will get it as a young child or adult. According to experts, children are three times more likely to develop asthma if their mothers have it and 2.5 times more likely if their fathers have it. There is no evidence that a genetic disposition will automatically mean one will get asthma. In the later part of life, genes play a minor role in the development of the disease.

In one of the review studies conducted in 2014, genetic factors account for around 70% of a person’s risk for developing asthma. One study on twins with the disease found that 34% of asthma is linked to genetics and 66% to environmental factors. Other research suggests that one sibling might get asthma from parents, but others may not.

This disease is one of the world’s leading chronic illnesses. Lots of research is being carried out still to better understand the genetic link. The possible causes for this disease include hormonal changes in women during menopause, regular exposure to air pollution, gasses, and chemical fumes, smoking or frequent exposure to cigarette smoke, obesity, premature birth, having hay fever or eczema, a history of autoimmune diseases, having a personal or family history of allergies.

Viral upper respiratory infections are a common cause of acute asthma, and this usually improves after one gets recovered from their illness. The lung infection can also increase the risk of developing asthma at a younger age as one gets older. Asthma triggers can lead to short-term or long-term symptoms depending on the severity. It is not possible to prevent all cases of asthma. But people can help control their risks of developing the disease. The factors that can be controlled are quit smoking and avoid people who smoke, avoiding occupational hazards, managing stress, losing weight, keeping the home clean, avoiding allergens and other triggers.

Symptoms of asthma include –

  • Fatigue
  • Increased mucus production
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Shortness of breath
  • Tightness in the chest
  • Coughing
  • Wheezing
  • Rapid breathing
  • A blue tint to the skin and nails
  • Chest retractions

The more the asthma is controlled with medications, the fewer symptoms could be experienced. One must control the doctor if they see that signs are worsening. People will asthma will not necessarily will have all these symptoms. Also if people are having these symptoms doesn’t mean they are affected with asthma.

Types of asthma

  • Adult-onset asthma.
  • Asthma with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
  • Occupational asthma.
  • Nonallergic asthma.
  • Allergic asthma.
  • Exercise-induced bronchospasm.

 

 

 

 

 

 

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