Mucormycosis: What you need to know!

Mucormycosis

Mucormycosis, also known as the black fungus, is spreading fast across some parts of Indian states. It is a rare but dangerous infection. The origin of this fungus is a group of molds called mucromycetes, which affects sinuses, lungs, skin, and brain parts.

This virus is spread through inhaling the mold or sometimes touching things infected by mold-like soil, bread, or even compost piles. 

Who Is at Risk?

Black fungus can be contacted by anything, and everyone gets infected by this virus. People who have weak immune systems are likely to get corrupted more quickly than others. Medication or health conditions can also weaken the immune system. 

People with different health conditions get affected. Some of these conditions include : 

  • Diabetes, especially when it isn’t under control
  • AIDS or HIV
  • Cancer
  • Organ transplant
  • Stem cell Transport 
  • Neutropenia ( low white cell blood count)
  • Long term steroid use
  • Injected drug use
  • High levels of iron in the body
  • Bad health from poor nutrition
  • Uneven levels of acid in your body (metabolic acidosis)
  • Premature birth or low birth weight

Although Mucormycosis isn’t infectious or contagious, it quickly affects people with wounds or cuts. Various symptoms of black fungus include cough, fever, chest pain, shortness of breath, headache, and one thing to note is that symptoms are approximately similar to Covid.

Suppose there is cut or bleeding in the body, the person will get infected fast. The infection also spreads from one part to other through blood, and it is sometimes called disseminated Mucormycosis. The black fungus can also affect the spleen and heart. Some patients can also go to a coma state.

Diagnosis and Treatment of Mucormycosis

If a person sees this symptom, they should first get a corona test, and if a test negative, they can further talk to a physician. If Mucormycosis is found, then the doctor will prescribe them antifungal drugs. They will also prescribe other medicines. In severe cases, surgery is required. The infected part is operated to remove the fungus from spreading. 

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